The difference between organic manure and organic manure
有机肥料的范围很广，几乎包括除化肥外的所有肥料，其来源十分广泛，品种相当繁多。按有机肥料相同或相似的产生环境或施用条件，类似的性质功能和积制方法大致分为：粪尿肥、堆沤肥、秸杆肥、绿肥、土杂肥、微生物肥料等几大类。 生物有机肥与普通商品有机肥料很难辨别，主要原因是从外形上看，生物有机肥与普通商品有机肥十分相似，普通方法无法区分，而“特定功能”又是看不见摸不着的，那么怎样区分它们呢？ 看包装是否规范 1.包装右上角是否有农业部微生物肥料登记证，证号表示方法为“微生物肥（登记年）临字（编号）号”或者“微生物肥（登记年）准字（编号）号”。 2.包装中上部是否有有效活菌数(cfu)的技术指标，表示方式为“有效活菌数(cfu) ≥？亿/克”，行业标准中规定“≥0.2×亿/克”就合格。如果企业为了迎合市场，刻意把有效活菌数(cfu)标得很高是可以的，但是一定要生产厂家出具在产品有效期内产品有效活菌数(cfu)指标的测定报告。 3.包装背面下部是否有产品有效期规定，行业标准规定大于6个月就可以。因为生物有机肥料中的特殊功能菌种是活的、有生命的，
Organic fertilizers have a wide range of fertilizers, almost all of the fertilizers except fertilizers, which are very extensive and have a wide variety of varieties. According to the organic fertilizer of the same or similar environment or conditions of use, function of similar nature and production methods can be roughly divided into: manure, compost fertilizer, straw fertilizer, green manure, soil fertilizer, microbial fertilizer and other categories. Bio organic fertilizer and ordinary commercial organic fertilizer is very difficult to distinguish, the main reason is that from the point of view, bio organic fertilizer and ordinary commercial organic fertilizer is very similar to that of ordinary methods can not distinguish between the "specific function" is invisible, so how to distinguish them? See whether the packaging is standardized. 1., is there a registration certificate of microbial fertilizer in the upper right-hand corner of the packaging? The certificate number indicates the method is "the word number of microbial fertilizer (Registration year)" or "the number of quasi microbial fertilizer (Registration year)". 2. in the upper part of packaging has a valid number of live bacteria (CFU) technology index, said as "the effective number of living bacteria (CFU) =? Billion / g "industry standards" over 0.2 * billion / G is qualified. If an enterprise aims to cater for the market, it is possible to make a high standard of effective viable count (CFU), but it is necessary for the manufacturer to produce a report on the effective number of viable products (CFU) in the effective period of the product. 3. whether the back of the back of the back of the package has the term of the validity of the product, the standard of the industry is more than 6 months. Because the special functional bacteria in biological organic fertilizer are living and living.
有机肥厂家提醒随着产品保存时间的延长，特殊功能菌种的有效活菌数（cfu）会不断减少，所以产品有效期标得太长是对用户不负责的。 看产品是否均匀 1.生物有机肥料的关键作用是靠“特殊功能的微生物菌种”，产品含水量太高或太低都不利于菌的存活，所以从含水量参考判断比较直接，抓一把肥料在阳光下观察物料是否阴潮、抛起来看看是否起灰尘。 2.前面我们已经讲过，在生物有机肥料中所使用的有机肥载体应该是由多种有机营养物质组成的“套餐”，既然是多种原料组合，在光线下观察就应该能够看到多种原料组成的痕迹。 看产品是否有效果 生物有机肥料的特殊作用是通过“特殊功能的微生物菌种”体现的，假如产品中没有“特殊功能的微生物菌种”或其含量不高、能力不强是影响使用效果的关键。笔者根据实验室的经验设计了一套简单的方法： 第一步：取少量产品加一点自来水调成面团状，放在冰箱里结成冰块，第二天再在太阳下溶化，这样经过至少三次反复冻溶，肥料中的菌种将会冻死（细胞结冰、形成冰针刺破细胞），数量将会大幅度减少，通过菌种所起的作用就基本消除了。 第二步：将原产品与反复冻溶过的两种肥料、粪便在相同的田块里进行试验比较或者小盆钵试验（用量根据说明），定期观察比较两者差异，如果差异不明显，则说明该生物有机肥产品中的“特殊功能菌种”的能力不强或者数量不够、甚至没有。
Organic fertilizer manufacturers remind that with the extension of product preservation time, the number of effective viable bacteria (CFU) of special functional bacteria will decrease, so the product's expiration date is too long, which is not responsible for users。 Look at the key function of product is uniform 1。 biological organic fertilizer by microorganism "special function, containing products is too high or too low is not conducive to the survival of bacteria in water, so the water content from the comparison reference directly, to observe whether Yin Chao, fertilizer material thrown up to see if the dust in the sun。 2。, as we mentioned before, organic fertilizer carriers used in bio organic fertilizer should be made up of many organic nutritious materials。 Since there are many combinations of raw materials, we should be able to see traces of various raw materials in light。 To see if the product is effective, the special function of bio organic fertilizer is embodied by "special functional microorganism strain"。 If there is no special functional microbial strain in the product, or its content is not high and its capability is not strong, it is the key to affect the use effect。 The author designed a simple method based on the laboratory experience: the first step: take a small amount of products with a tap water transferred into the dough, put into ice in the refrigerator for second days and then dissolves in the sun, so after at least three times repeated freezing and thawing, will spawn in fertilizer (ice, freezing cell formation ice needle prick cells), the number will be greatly reduced, the strain of the role was basically eliminated。 The second step: two kinds of fertilizer, manure and raw products after repeated freezing and thawing in the same fields were compared or small pot experiments (the dosage according to the instructions), regularly observe the difference between, if the difference is not obvious, the ability of the product of the bio organic fertilizer in the "special function strain" the number is not enough, not strong or not even。